Orthodontics a branch of dentistry aiming to fix jaw defects, dental malformation and provide functional teeth with aesthetic appealing. Tooth and jaw defects are common problems. Our jaw structure narrows over time and that results in an increased rate of crookedness among the teeth. When upper and lower jaws have such a bad connection that their normal contact does not provide sufficient chewing functionality, it is called a “malocclusion” (bad opening).

What are the signs of malocclusion?

Most important signs is crooked and outward directed teeth. A mislocated jaw, crooked teeth, teeth with gaps, twisted, embedded, mislocated teeth are examples of malocclusion.

How is malocclusion diagnosed?

Diagnosis of children with malocclusion is usually made by the dentist during routine controls. If an anomaly is detected, the child must be examined by an orthodontist. It is important that every child around age 7 is examined by an orthodontist. We strongly recommend every child be examined by a dentist at most by they are 1 years old.

In this way, a problem that may occur is diagnosed early and resolved before it grows, and the dentist is no longer an element of fear in the child’s eyes.


How is it treated?

Some children need early treatment while growing and development is ongoing. Special apparatus are used to help the jaw position rightly during the process of growth and development . Then, the treatment continues with braces. Braces hold the teeth and teeth slowly move to positions they need to be by appling force.


  1. FAQ-1: At what age should the orthodontic treatment be?

    It can be at any age. Since the development process is completed only in adults, if there is a problem with the position of the jaws, this situation can only be corrected by jaw surgeries. All dental disorders can be resolved with fixed appliances, as in children. In fixed treatments to be performed with braces in children, treatment is started after waiting for all milk teeth to replace with permanent teeth.

    Teeth tend to move even after orthodontic treatment is over. With some transparent appliances to be used after orthodontic treatments or wires to be stuck invisibly from the back of the teeth, the return to crowding before the treatment is prevented.

  2. FAQ-2: How long does the treatment take?

    Although orthodontic treatment varies according to the degree of crowding, it takes approximately 1-2 years. Treatments that guide jaw development at an early age are also completed in the same time. The estimated duration of treatment specific to the person’s condition is finalized after the examination performed by the orthodontist. If the orthodontist tells you that you need jaw surgery, you should be examined by a maxillofacial surgeon. You can get detailed information about the treatment plan specific to your situation, the difficulties you may encounter, the average duration of treatment and the process with the evaluation of the orthodontist and the Maxillofacial Surgeon.

  3. FAQ-3: Is orthodontic treatment expensive?

    The cost of orthodontic treatment varies according to the duration and difficulty of the treatment. Therefore, examination of an orthodontist is necessary to have clear information about the fee.

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