RADIOLOGY

RADIOLOGY

In dentistry, two kinds of x-rays are used: intraoral and extraoral.

Intraoral x-ray is the most common radiologic film. These small films provide the dentist with detailed information on decay detection, helps to gain information on teeth and bones, evaluate tooth development.

Extraoral films also show teeth but their real focus is on jaw and skull. Although they dont provide detailed observation on teeth, they view more teeth than intraoral films. By virtue of extraoral films, embedded teeth, jaw development and jaw joints can be checked.

Panoramic X-ray

Panoramic X-ray views the whole mouth. Panoramic X-ray is preferred by dentists on first examination. They are helpful on detection of cysts, tumors, embedded teeth and decays. It is a 2D film. In some situations after panoramix x-ray, dental tomography which provides a 3D view and more detailed information can be used. Dental tomography can be used to gather information on bone density, width and mandibular nerves in the area where dental implant is considered.

Nowadays, dental x-rays are commonly used digitally. They get faster results and detailed view with less exposure to radiation.

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Protection from Radiation

While having a tomography or panoramic x-ray, wearing special apron made of lead protects you from unwanted x-rays. Moreover, coating the room where x-ray is taken with lead is also important.

Pregnant woman should not enter x-ray rooms.

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